slots.us.org February 2012 | The Top Post !

Image sharpening using High pass filter



With Photoshop, a photo can be sharpened in many ways. Some popular among them are : sharpen, smart sharpen and most popular unsharp mask. Here, I wish to demonstrate image sharpening technique I use : using a high pass filter. Its a few step process and creating action for this one is also fairly simple. Once created action, sharpening can be applied with just a click to any image in future. However, I wont be explaining here how to create actions, some other time.  :-) OK, so lets begin.

Step 1. Open the image. (layer name: background, by default)

Step 2. Duplicate the image. (layer name: Layer1, by default)

Step 3. Change the blend mode of Layer 1 to "Overlay". Blend modes can be found just above the layer panel.

Step 4. Now apply High pass filter to Layer1. Its can be found under the menu : Filter - Other -High pass.

Step 5. Set the radius value around 5. The key for correct sharpening is that one should see the edges in the thumbnail. press OK.

Step 6. Now, adjust the intensity of sharpening just by adjusting the Layer1 opacity.

Step 7. Cheers !

The images here are for demo. Changes may be  subtle to observe with images provided. Better, open them in separate window and compare them to see the effect. Ideally, advised to carry the high pass sharpening to ur own image with good resolution and observe the effect.

Before Sharpening, Butterfly species : Pea Blue

After sharpening

Few reminders:

1. Better original image provides better flexibility.
2. High pass filter improves contrast a bit.
3. This technique is well suited for photos with blurred background. As such background do not have edges, high pass filter is not applied to that part at all.

Photographing Butterflies - Camera Operation

   Photographing Butterflies - Camera Operation

In this post I am discussing some camera techniques explicitly to shoot butterflies. I assume the objective is to get clear, sharp and completely focused object and not discussing how to shoot an artistic shot. 

1. Mode of shooting: A good butterfly photograph should show sharp, entirely focused object with blurred background. To accomplish this, one has to choose aperture and shutter speed wisely. Here I assume ISO 100/200 (we will talk about it later). To shoot such images, aperture may be varied between 5.6 to 16 depend upon light conditions. Shutter speed and aperture acts opposite to each other (Higher f-number, lower the shutter speed). Having said this, if one is firing fill flash, shutter speed is restricted to synchronizing speed (normally 1/200 or 1/250). Thumb rule for shutter speed selection says: Shutter speed should be more or equal to the focal length. For example, when shooting with focal length = 200 mm, shutter speed must be at least 1/200s.This is important factor when selecting lens for photographing butterfly. Aperture will decide the depth of field. Simply say how blur is the background or what part of the frame is focused. Higher the aperture (say f2.8) more blurry the background. 
           With this little theory, lets come back to mode of shooting. Here modes under consideration are Manual, Aperture Priority and Shutter priority. I prefer to shoot in manual mode. This allows to select  shutter speed and aperture independently.  If sunlight is enough, I can achieve perfect exposure with many combinations of shutter speed and aperture. When, aperture/depth of field is priority shoot with aperture priority mode. This fixes the shutter speed. Sometimes shutter priority is preferred to shoot fast moving butterflies ( Mormon), Where continuous fluttering of their wings need to be frozen in the frame, higher shutter speed is necessary (Often 1/500 or above). Two images of Leafblue, are the example towards changing f number and its effect on depth of field. With f5 and descent sunlight I was able to achieve very good Bokeh and descent speed of 1/250. It was limited by synchronizing flash speed as built in flash was used.



As shot, External flash failed to fire.
2. Shoot RAW photos: RAW is just like digital negative of the photograph. It preserves every details and enables user to manipulate them in post processing. Whereas when saved directly in JPEG format, most of the data is lost irreversibly, and nothing great can be achieved in post-processing. Shooting in RAW is very much useful in situations where flash does not fires, achieving perfect exposure is problem (White or Violet surfaces), etc. Every SLR has an option to shoot in RAW and NOT every point shot have it. The only disadvantage RAW shooting offers is that it takes a lot of space. Size of RAW file is approximately 3 times larger than corresponding JPEG image.A typical 8GB card will hold around 300 12-bit RAW images. But one can always carry multiple cards and change them when required.

3. Flash: Always us Fill flash for butterflies, yes even in day light. I prefer to use fill flash always and adjust the shutter speed and aperture to adjust the blending of the fill light. This blending is important otherwise it looks like one has pasted the object into. If one is operating camera in aperture priority mode, this problem is solved by i-TTL facility. It selects amount of flash needed to be casted for perfect exposure, sensing the ambient light condition.
After adjusting exposure of the failed image. 

4. ISO: In simple sense, this is the measure of sensitivity of the camera towards light. Higher the ISO, higher the sensitivity, higher the noise. Generally ISO is setting is not changed in the field. For butterflying on particular day, start with ISO 400 (early morning upto 7am), then gradually start reducing ISO to 100 (at around 11 am in the summer). Obviously this depends on the ambient conditions. In shade, ISO might need to be increased again. So my advice to avoid all this jugglery, one can set ISO 200, a small compromise with noise and achieve maximum shutter and aperture.



Here are few other important things butterfly photo must note:



Note: All images are copyrighted. (c) Paresh Kale, 2012.

Camera and accessories selection for macro photography


This post is about the camera and lens selection, particularly for shooting butterflies and flowers.

Lens Selection (For SLR):

This is really dance on the tight rope.

1. A macro lens at least 90 mm, with 1:1 reproduction. Lenses from 90 mm to 105 mm are handy lenses with descent minimum focus distance and focal length. 180 mm lens are bulky, costly however produces good bokeh. A 300 mm lens with VR will also serve fantastic overall. As it do not create 1:1 image, may face little problem with very small ones. This focal length will give nice bokeh and can be used with 2X TC for birding if fast enough.

Why to have Vibration reduction / Image stabilization for camera ?


       Its a technique used by Nikkor lenses to stabilize the gear while shooting. Other companies use different name, however basics are the same eg. canon uses Image Stabilization (IS), optical stabilization by Sigma etc. Its useful when shooting at low shutter speeds particularly at longer focal length or when one has shaking hands or if one is shooting from moving platform like vehicle. It can be also helpful in taking video.

       For any image to be sharp, the shutter speed (1/s) must be more than or equal to operating focal length. Ideally the ratio should be 2. When shooting speed is lower, one can still get sharper images without compromise in quality (wrt noise) with increased ISO.

      I have shot a video showcasing the effect of VR. I used Nikon D7000 with Nikkor 105 macro IF-ED VR lens for the purpose, a prominent accessory for macro photography . Ofcourse its hand-held, VR - It doesent works when mounted on tripod anyways (unless its VRII). Initially it starts with VR OFF, at 00.10 seconds VR is turned ON. After switching VR ON, see how the jerks and shakes from the video are all gone, showing smooth streaming.




       Here are some links to the articles explaining the VR technique:
1. From Nikon
2. General info from Wiki
3. interesting graphical interpretation





Blue Oakleaf




  
Blue Oakleaf - Open wing position
    Blue Oakleaf is an unusual shaped butterfly, known for its unparallel camaflouge technique. When closed, the wings of the oakleaf simulates shape of a dry leaf. Seating position , normally on trunk or branch of the tree, adds drama to it and looks as if a leaf of the tree. Blue Oakleaf settles in such position, blends with tree structure and makes it a challenging to find it out when one was not tracking it.


Quick Facts:

Common Name : South Indian Blue Oakleaf
Latin Name: Kallima Horsfieldii
Typical Wingspan : 85 to 120 mm
Geographical Distribution : Mumbai, Nashik towards south.
Status: Locally Common

Different individuals of Blue Oakleaf
showcasing variety and uniqueness of patterns

    However in flight, this beauty is easy to identify. Flashy blue, quick but erratic flight and large wingspan features makes it easy for ID. In IIT campus, this insect was abundant soon after rainy season. A sure shot sighting on a bamboo tree sap in hill side area. On every visit, we were able to spot at least 2-3 specimens. However, any other activity by it like mating, egg laying, courtship etc was never observed by us. Surprisingly, oakleaf population seemed declined in February. Not a single specimen was sited.

As far as geographical distribution is concerned, This  specie is restricted to South India, hence named, and is not yet recorded in North India. Likely upper boundaries are Mumbai and Nashik.

  Most interesting fact about this species is its under-wing pattern. According to Winter Blyth, no two oakleaf bare similar under-wing pattern, making every individual unique. A collage of different specimens recorded in and around Mumbai will suffice this fact.

Butterfly Checklist of IIT Bombay



Butterfly Checklist of IIT Bombay


Tawney Rajah Male
              Here is a consolidated checklist of butterflies seen inside the IIT campus. Our group consists of four members : Paresh Kale, Abhay Soman, Swapnil Lokhande and Chintamani Joglekar. Photographic recordings of butterflies by our group started around September 2008. Photos included in the article are of rarely seen species only.
              A survey on wild life in IITB campus was done earlier by WWF. Report for the same, titled “Study of the Biodiversity of Indian Institute of Technology Bombay Campus” by World Wide Fund for Nature -India, Maharashtra State Office, Mumbai can be found here. According to this report, Dr. Amol Patwardan has listed about 85 species of butterfly in the campus in October 2009.

Prominent spots for the observations are :


1. Powai Lake Side Road ( H-8 backside to Kshitij Garden)
2. Hill Side ( Hill behind Ananta quarters)
3. Medical Garden (Behind H-3)
4. H-12 and H-13 garden
5. Vihar Lake

         

Papilionidae:


Spot Swordtail, Pathysa nomius (Esper, 1798)
Common Mime, Chilasa clytia, Linnaeus, 1758
Lime Butterfly, Papilio demoleus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Jay, Graphium doson (C. & R. Felder, 1864)
Tailed Jay, Graphium agamemnon (Linnaeus, 1758)
Common Bluebottle, Graphium sarpedon (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Rose, Pachliopta aristolochiae (Fabricius, 1775)
Crimson Rose, Pachliopta hector (Linnaeus, 1758)

Blue Mormon, Papilio polymnestor (Cramer, 1775)
Common Mormon, Papilio polytes (Linnaeus, 1758)



Pieridae:


White Orange Tip , Ixias marianne Cramer, 1779
Yellow Orange Tip , Ixias pyrene Linnaeus, 1764
Great Orange-Tip , Hebomoia glaucippe Linnaeus, 1758

Chocolate Albatross , Appias lyncida Cramer, 1777
Striped Albatross, Appias albina Felder
Small Salmon Arab

Psyche , Leptosia nina Fabricius, 1793
Common Gull , Cepora nerissa Fabricius, 1775
Small Salmon Arab , Colotis amata Fabricius, 1775
Common Wanderer , Pareronia valeria (Cramer, 1776)
Common Jezebel , Delias eucharis Drury, 1773

Common Emigrant , Catopsilia pomona Fabricius, 1775
Mottled Emigrant , Catopsilia pyranthe Latreille, 1758

Small Grass Yellow , Eurema brigitta Cramer, 1780
Spotless Grass Yellow , Eurema laeta Boisduval, 1836
Common Grass Yellow, Eurema hecabe Linnaeus




Nymphalidae:

South Indian Blue Oakleaf Kallima horsfieldi Kollar, 1844
Common Indian Crow, Euploea core (Cramer, 1780)
Common Bushbrown Mycalesis perseus (Fabricius, 1775)
Great Evening Brown
Bamboo Treebrown Lethe europa (Fabricius, 1775)
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui
Common Nawab Polyura athamas (Drury, 1773)

Tawny Rajah Charaxes bernardus (Fabricius, 1793)
Black Rajah Charaxes solon (Fabricius, 1793)

Glassy Tiger, Parantica aglea (Stoll, 1782)
Blue Tiger, Tirumala limniace Cramer, 1775
Plain Tiger, Danaus chrysippus Linnaeus, 1758
Common Or Striped Tiger, Danaus genutia Cramer, 1779
 
Common Fourring Ypthima huebneri Kirby, 1871
Common Evening Brown Melanitis leda (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Palmfly Elymnias hypermnestra (Linnaeus, 1763)
Leopard Phalanta phalantha Drury, 1773
Tawny Coster Acraea terpsicore (Linnaeus, 1758)
Commander Limenitis procris (Cramer, 1777)

Common Sailer Neptis hylas Linnaeus, 1758
Shortbanded Sailer Neptis columella
Chestnut-Streaked Sailer Neptis jumbah Moore, 1857
Gaudy Baron Female

Common Baron Euthalia aconthea (Cramer, 1777)
Gaudy Baron Euthalia lubentina (Cramer, 1777)

Angled Castor Ariadne ariadne Linnaeus, 1763
Common Castor Ariadne merione

Gray Pansy Junonia atlites (Linnaeus, 1763)
Peacock Pansy Junonia (Precis) almana (Linnaeus, 1758)
Chocolate Pansy, Junonia (Precis) iphita (Cramer, 1779)
Lemon Pansy Junonia (Precis) lemonias (Linnaeus, 1758)
Yellow Pansy Junonia (Precis) hierta (Fabricius, 1798)
Blue Pansy Junonia orithya (Linnaeus, 1758)

Great Eggfly Hypolimnas bolina (Linnaeus, 1758)
Danaid Eggfly Hypolimnas misippus (Linnaeus, 1764)



Lycaenidae:


Apefly Spalgis epius (Westwood, 1851)
Monkeypuzzle Rathinda amor (Fabricius, 1775)
Common Guava Blue Virachola isocrates (Fabricius, 1793)
Zebra Blue Syntarucus plinius (Fabricius, 1793)
Common Hedge Blue Acytolepis puspa (Horsfield, 1828)
Lime Blue Chilades laius (Cramer, 1782) 
Grass Jewel Freyeria trochylus (Freyer, 1845)
Gram Blue Euchrysops cnejus (Fabricius, 1798)

Pointed Ciliate Blue Anthene lycaenina (C. Felder, 1868)
Forget-me-not Catachrysops strabo (Fabricius, 1793)
Peablue Lampides boeticus (Linnaeus, 1767)
Indian Sunbeam Curetis thetis (Drury, 1773) 
Large Oakblue Arhopala amantes (Hewitson, 1862)

Red Pierrot Talicada nyseus Guérin, 1843
Common Pierrot Castalius rosimon Fabricius, 1775.
Angled Pierrot Caleta caleta Hewitson, 1876
Rounded Pierrot (Taracus Nara)

Indian Cupid Chilades parrhasius (Fabricius, 1793)
Plains Cupid Edales pandava (Horsfield, 1829)

Dark Grass Blue Zizeeria lysimon (Hübner, 1798-1803)
Pale Grass Blue Pseudozizeeria maha (Kollar, 1848)
Tiny Grass Blue Zizula gaika (Trimen, 1862)

Dark Cerulean Jamides bochus Stoll, 1782
Common Cerulean Jamides celeno (Cramer, 1775)

Tailless Lineblue Prosotas dubiosa (Semper, 1879)

Common Silverline Spindasis vulcanus (Fabricius, 1775)
Long-banded Silverline Spindasis lohita (Horsfield, 1829)

Slate Flash Rapala schistacea (Moore, 1879)
Common Red Flash Rapala iarbus (Fabricius, 1787)
Indigo Flash


Hesperiidae:

Brown Awl Badamia exclamationis (Fabricius, 1775)
Common Awl Hasora badra (Moore , 1857)
Common Banded Awl Hasora chromus (Cramer , 1780)

Bush Hopper Ampittia dioscorides (Fabricius, 1793)
Indian Grizzled/Indian Skipper Spialia galba (Fabricius, 1793)

Chestnut Bob Iambrix salsala (Moore, 1865)
Indian Palm Bob, Suastus gremius (fabricius, 1798)

Rice Swift Borbo cinnara (Wallace, 1866)
Conjoined Swift Pelopidas conjuncta (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)
Bevan's Swift (Pseudoborbo bevani)
Blank Swift ( Caltoris Kumara)
Branded Swift ( Pelopdas Agna)

Parnara spp. (Guattatus / Ganga/ Bada)

Dark Palm Dart Telicota ancilla (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)
Pale Palm Dart (Telicota Augais)

Grass Demon, Udaspes folus (Cramer, 1775)
Golden Angle Caprona ransonnetti (Felder, 1868)

Malabar Spotted Flat Celaenorrhinus ambareesa (Moore, 1865)
Spotted Small Flat

Tricolour Flat Coladenia indrani (Moore, 1865)
Common Small Flat Sarangesa dasahara (Moore, 1865)
Spotted Small Flat Sarangesa purendra (Moore, 1882)
 
Common Redeye Matapa aria (Moore, 1865)
Giant Red Eye


Species seen in Mumbai and around but not in IIT Bombay


Pioneer(Caper White) , Anaphaeis aurota Fabricius, 1793
Lesser Gull , Cepora nadina Lucas, 1852
Small Orange-Tip , Colotis etrida Boisduval, 1836
Common Albatross, Appias albina Felder

Double-Branded Crow, Euploea sylvester (Fabricius, 1793)
Dark Blue Tiger, Tirumala septentrionis (Butler, 1874)
Common Fivering Ypthima baldus (Fabricius, 1775)
Baronet Euthalia nais (Forster, 1771)

Plum Judy, Abisara echerius (Moore, 1901)
Malayan Megisba malaya (Horsfield, 1828) (H20.1, p. 220)
Metallic Cerulean Jamides alecto (Felder, 1860) (L27.7)
Toothed Sunbeam Curetis dentata Moore, 1879
Centaur Oakblue Nilasera centaurus (Fabricius, 1775)
Yamfly Loxura atymnus (Cramer, 1782) (L48.1)

Abnormal Silverline
Common Shot Silverline Aphnaeus ictis Hewitson, 1865
Large Guava Blue
Peacock Royal Tajuria cippus (Fabricius, 1798) (L55.13)
Cornelian Deudorix epijarbas (Moore, 1857) (L70.1)
Common Acacia Blue Surendra quercetorum
Small Cupid Chilades contracta (Butler 1880)
Common Lineblue Prosotas nora (Felder, 1860)
Common Tinsel

Orangetail Awl/Pale Green Awlet Bibasis sena (Moore, 1865)
Orange-striped Awl/Orange Awlet Bibasis jaina (Moore, 1865)
Dark Palm Dart Telicota ancilla (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)
Common Spotted Flat Celaenorrhinus leucocera (Kollar , 1848)
Angled Flat/Black Angle Tapena twaithesi (Moore, 1881)



Meaning of Butterfly Names


" What's in a name? That which we call a rose by any another name would smell as sweet." - William Shakespeare.


            I think he was wrong at least in one case - Butterflies. Many times I wondered what is so particular about the names of the butterfly?  As time passed, I learned some key characteristics for butterfly identification and then referred for the dictionary meaning of the same. It was amazing. Butterflies are named mostly because of their color, appearance, shape, habits. English researchers were frontiers in butterfly research in India and obviously were the first to baptist butterflies. Therefore some of the butterflies are named after British military or civilian rankings, may to "butter-up" the Queen. Here I am listing some deductions and interpretations relating common butterfly names, their relevant key ID mark and relevant meaning.I have not included butterfly names with obvious meaning and I do not have my own photo to show exactly some of the characteristics described.

Based on Markings


Tinsel - m. Very thin sheets, strips, or threads of a glittering material used as a decoration, to impart false sparkle. id. The texture of Tinsel butterfly matches with the meaning. sp. Common Tinsel, Yellow Tinsel.


Mottled - m. Spotted or blotched with different shades or colors. sp. Mottled Emigrant.

Pied - m. having markings of two or more colors. sp.  Magpie crow.

Puffin - Probably named after some northern diving birds having a black-and-white plumage. Puffin also posses black and white markings. sp.  Plain Puffin, Spot Puffin.

Tabby - Having light and dark striped markings.

Pierrot -  m. A male character from French pantomime with a whitened face, white costume, and pointed hat. id. Probably "Polka" type black and white colored appearance. sp. Common Pierrot, Dark Pierrot, Forest Pierrot.

Dusky Diadem -  Dusky means dark in color (Here indicates to dark brown color of the butterfly) and Diadem meaning A crown worn as a sign of royalty (probably indicating the ring string on the border on open wing, interpreted as crown.)

Labyrinth - Something highly intricate or convoluted in character, composition, or construction. sp. Dusky Labyrinth.

Harlequin -  varied in colour or decoration/ having a white coat with irregular patches of black or other dark colour/ A clown; a buffoon.

Onyx - A type of chalcedony that occurs in straight and parallel bands of different colors, often black and white.


Based on Colors


Cerulean - m. Azure; sky-blue. The word is probably derived from the latin word caeruleus, "dark blue, blue or blue-green". id. The upper wings of common cerulean has this typical color. sp. Common Cerulean, Metallic Cerulean, Dark Cerulean.

Cornelian - m. Variant of carnelian. A pale to deep red or reddish-brown variety of clear chalcedony. On open wing, Cornelian exhibits this typical color on its wings, hence the nomenclature. 

Slate - m. A dark or bluish gray to dark bluish or dark purplish gray. sp. Slate Flash.

Rusty - m. Of a yellowish-red or brownish-red color. 

Fawn - m. A grayish yellow-brown to moderate reddish brown.

Salmon -  A moderate, light, or strong yellowish pink to a moderate reddish orange or light orange. sp. Small Salmon Arab.

Rustic - m.Made of unfinished or roughly finished wood.  Having a rough or textured appearance id. Texture and color of upper wing.

Brimstone - m. Sulfur color.

Raven - Black and shiny.

Tawny - A light brown to brownish orange. sp. Tawny Rajah, Tawny Coster.



Based on Habits:
Common Jay

Forester - m. One that inhabits a forest.

Swift - m. Moving or capable of moving with great speed.

Flitter - m. a less common word for flutter. Flutter means, To wave or flap rapidly in an irregular manner / To flap the wings without flying.

Jay - m.  An overly talkative person; a chatterbox. id. Probably fluttering and restless flight. sp. Common Jay.





Based on Ranking:

Commander -  A commissioned rank in the U.S. Navy or Coast Guard that is above lieutenant commander and below captain / an officer responsible for a district of the Metropolitan Police in London.

Yeoman - An attendant, servant, or lesser official in a royal or noble household. sp. Large Yeoman, Common Yeoman.

Knight - A man holding a nonhereditary title conferred by a sovereign in recognition of personal merit or service to the country / A man belonging to an order or brotherhood

Sergeant - A noncommissioned rank in the U.S. Army or Marine Corps that is above corporal and below staff sergeant / The rank of police officer next below a captain, lieutenant, or inspector. sp. Studded Sergeant, Small Staff Sergeant. 

Commodore - Used as an unofficial designation for a captain in the British Navy temporarily in command of a fleet division or squadron.

Constable -  A peace officer with less authority and smaller jurisdiction than a sheriff, empowered to serve writs and warrants and make arrests /  A medieval officer of high rank, usually serving as military commander in the absence of a monarch /  The governor of a royal castle.

Duke -  A nobleman with the highest hereditary rank, especially a man of the highest grade of the peerage in Great Britain. sp. Redspot Duke.

Monarch -  A sovereign prince who rules an independent duchy in some European countries. A sovereign head of state, esp a king, queen, or emperor, who rules usually by hereditary right.

Common Baron
Emperor -  The male ruler of an empire / a monarch who rules or reigns over an empire

Baron -  A British nobleman of the lowest rank.

Admiral - the supreme commander of a fleet or navy

Jester - a professional clown employed by a king or nobleman, esp at courts during the Middle Ages.

Imperial -  Of, relating to, or suggestive of an empire or a sovereign, especially an emperor or empress.

Courtesan - a woman who cohabits with an important man or A woman prostitute, especially one whose clients are members of a royal court or men of high social standing. (????) Interesting if it is.

Earl -  A British nobleman next in rank above a viscount and below a marquis, corresponding to a count in continental Europe.

Marquis -  A nobleman ranking below a duke and above an earl or a count. sp. Redtail Marquis. 

Courtier -  An attendant at a sovereign's court.

Lascar -  army servant.

Count -  A nobleman in some European countries. sp. Grey Count, Lavender Count.



Named After heads of various institutions in various  countries:

Pasha - Used formerly as a title for military and civil officers, especially in Turkey and northern Africa. / a provincial governor or other high official of the Ottoman Empire or the modern Egyptian kingdom: placed after a name when used as a title.

Rajah - The king in Indian Culture. sp. Black Rajah, Variegated Rajah.

Nawab - A Muslim ruling prince or powerful landowner in India. sp. Common Nawab.

Caliph - A leader of an Islamic polity, regarded as a successor of Muhammad and by tradition always male. What about Red Caliph female? :-)

Archduke -  In certain royal families, especially that of imperial Austria, a nobleman having a rank equivalent to that of a sovereign prince. sp. Dark Archduke, Great Archduke.
 

Relation to Culture 

Cupid - m. In Roman mythology its a representation of Cupid as a naked cherubic boy usually having wings and holding a bow and arrow, used as a symbol of love. id. This description has nothing to do with the key mark of the butterfly, however this nomenclature signifies the efforts to integrate  European culture with science fields. My personal opinion is that, such ways preserves the history in daily life, making people sensible about the culture. sp. Small Cupid, Indian Cupid, Plains Cupid.


Plum Judy - m. Plum means a dark purple to deep reddish purple. Judy is British slang for girl or woman. id. Dark purple color can be seen when butterfly spreads wings open. As far as Judy is concern, for me, relation seems to be distinct. Woman and dance might be that. It has a habit of landing and turning around almost immediately after alighting. It repeats this turning movements as it moves along branches to evade predators.This distinctive mode of movement gives the impression of 'dancing' and is an important field characteristic that helps in identifying the species from even a distance.The relation also may be extended to the wife of Punch in the children's traditional and popular puppet show Punch and Judy. 

Punch - m. The quarrelsome hook-nosed husband of Judy in the comic puppet show Punch and Judy.

Jezebel - I don't see any direct relation, but still stated ahead is interesting and popular description when you search for Jezebel : wife of Ahab who was king of Israel; according to the Old Testament she was a cruel immoral queen who fostered the worship of Baal and tried to kill Elijah and other prophets of Israel (9th century BC). The name Jezebel came to be associated with false prophets, and further associated by the early 20th century with fallen or abandoned women.

Helen - The daughter of Zeus and Leda and wife of Menelaus, considered to be the most beautiful woman in the world. Her abduction by Paris caused the Trojan War.

Wizard - Probably because of impact of magic and magicians, especially black magic, a male witch or a man who practices or professes to practice magic or sorcery.

Punchinello - Any grotesque or absurd character/ a type of clown from Italian burlesque or puppet shows, the prototype of Punch.

Gorgon - Now I dont believe they might have named after this :  Greek Mythology Any of the three sisters Stheno, Euryale, and the mortal Medusa who had snakes for hair and eyes that if looked into turned the beholder into stone. Also A woman regarded as ugly or terrifying. On the contrary yellow gorgon and brown gorgon are rare and so striking because of shape.

Argus - In Greek Mythology, A giant with 100 eyes who was made guardian of Io and was later slain by Hermes.

Wight -Probably after an island in the English Channel off south-central England. It is a popular resort area and yachting center. Queen Victoria often stayed at the Osborne House near Cowes. sp. Common Wight.

Faun - Ancient Italian deity in human shape, with horns, pointed ears and a goat's tail; equivalent to Greek satyr.

Quaker - a member of the Religious Society of Friends, a Christian sect founded by the English religious leader George Fox (1624-91) about 1650, whose central belief is the doctrine of the Inner Light. Quakers reject sacraments, ritual, and formal ministry, hold meetings at which any member may speak, and have promoted many causes for social reform.


Symbolic meanings associated with the "butterfly" in different cultures and languages :

The Mandarin Chinese word for butterfly is "hu-tieh". "Tieh" means "70 years", therefore butterflies have become a symbol for a long life. In this culture butterflies have also become representative of young men in love. In the Japanese culture butterflies are thought to be representative of young maidens and marital bliss. Many Japanese families use the butterfly in the family crest design.

Germany has a very unique belief about butterflies. As butterflies can often be found hovering about milk pails or butter churns, they have become associated with witches trying to steal the cream. The German word for butterfly is "Schmetterling", which is actually derived for the Czech word "Smetana" which means "cream".

There are many links with butterflies in mythology from all over the world, many of which, in particular Greek mythology, link butterflies to the human soul. The Ancient Greeks also considered butterflies as the souls of those who had passed away.
In ancient Greek the word for butterfly is "Psyche", which translated means "soul". This was also the name for Eros' human lover and when the two figures are depicted they are often surrounded by butterflies.


In one of the Russian dialects, butterflies are referred to as "dushuchka" which is a derivative of the word "dusha" also meaning soul. There is also an Irish saying that refers to the symbolic meaning of butterflies. This saying is: "Butterflies are souls of the dead waiting to pass through purgatory".

Butterflies also symbolize: Resurrection, Transition, Celebration, Lightness, Time, Soul. There is a small town in Mexico that also associate butterflies with souls. It is to this town that Monarch Butterflies migrate every year, around the holiday known as the Day of the Dead. The people of this town see these butterflies as the returning souls of the deceased.